Clinical and Economic Rationale for the Early use of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Edoardo Mannucci, Pier Paolo Mangia, Lorenzo Pradelli

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/fe.v21i1S.1490

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic disease associated with a high epidemiological and economic burden. It is associated with a high risk of developing both macrovascular and microvascular complications and cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of mortality and morbidity in T2D patients. The economic impact of diabetes is primarily due to the cost and duration of treatment and secondary complications of diabetes and associated costs. Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are an effective therapy for providing a long-term improvement of glucose control, thus contributing to the long-term prevention of diabetic (particularly microvascular) complications. Furthermore, SGLT-2 inhibitors seem to lead to significant reductions in hospital admissions due to heart failure and progression of renal disease, regardless of baseline atherosclerotic risk category or history of heart failure. Evidence from randomized controlled trials, observational and pharmacoeconomic studies suggest that SGLT2 inhibitors should be considered not only in patients with established cardiovascular disease and incipient nephropathy but also in earlier stages of T2D in order to prevent the first onset of cardiovascular and renal complications and contain the cost of illness.

Keywords

SGLT2i, Pharmacoutilization; Cardiovascular protection; Complications, Type 2 diabetes

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