Life-threatening Cerebral Venous Thrombosis: a case report

Daniel Agustin Godoy, Érica Álvarez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v10i2.1253

Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT) can compromise dural sinus, cerebral veins or both. It is an uncommon condition and it is more prevalent in young women. Several prothrombotic states are the principal predisposing factors. Clinical spectrum of presentation is wide, so this entity requires a high suspect index for correct and prompt diagnosis. CVT may develop serious complications that can be life-threatening such as hemorrhagic venous infarctions, cerebral edema, and intracranial hypertension.

This report describes the case of a woman who was in treatment for unspecific vaginal bleeding with oral contraceptives. Suddenly she deteriorated to coma with severe respiratory compromise. Neuroimaging showed thrombosis of multiple venous sinus. Physiological neuroprotection, osmotherapy, mechanical ventilation and anticoagulation therapy were the keystones of treatment.

In a few months, the patient has recovered a good functional status, while maintaining a motor deficit on the right hand.

Keywords

Cerebral venous thrombosis; Hemorrhagic infarctions; Intracranial hypertension; Magnetic resonance image; Anticoagulation

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References

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