Vitamin D and inflammation in the prevention of type 2 diabetes: public health relevance

Alaa Badawi, Eman Sadoun, Mohamed H. Al Thani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/rhc.v3i4.269

Abstract

The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide. To reduce the disease risk and burden at the population level, preventative strategies should be developed with minimal cost and effort and with no side-effects. Low-grade inflammation resulting from imbalances in the innate immune system has been associated with an array of chronic disorders that predispose to the later development of T2DM (e.g., obesity, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance). As a result, inflammation may contribute to the pathogenesis of T2DM. Therefore, attenuation of this inflammatory response via modulating the innate immune system could lead to improved insulin sensitivity and delayed disease onset. Dietary supplementation with vitamin D may represent a novel strategy toward the prevention and control of T2DM at the population level due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This review examines current knowledge linking T2DM to chronic low-grade inflammation and the role of vitamin D in modulating this relationship. The concept that vitamin D, via attenuating inflammation, could be employed as a novel preventive measure for T2DM is evaluated in the context of its relevance to health care and public health practices.

Keywords

Inflammation; Prevention; Public health; Type 2 diabetes; Vitamin D

Full Text

HTML PDF

Statistics

Abstract: 1398 views
HTML: 387 views
PDF: 230 views

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.