Real-life Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach to CLL: A New Proposal from an Expert Panel in Tuscany Region

Monica Bocchia, Alberto Bosi, Enrico Capochiani, Stefania Ciolli, Romano Danesi, Sara Galimberti, Alessandro Gozzetti, Sabrina Moretti, Ubaldo Occhini, Mario Petrini

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/fe.v21i1.1452

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the last years genomic and somatic alterations have shown to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and new prognostic factors have been identified accordingly.

AIM: To describe a real-life diagnostic and therapeutic approach to CLL that takes into account the role of genomic and somatic prognostic factors in the risk stratification of developing progressive disease, and treatment decision.

METHODS: This new proposal has been developed and validated by ten key opinion leaders from Tuscany Region during two Expert Meetings. The approach suggested comes from their experience in daily clinical practice and is supported by guidelines recommendations, clinical trials results, and drugs prescribing conditions in Italy.

RESULTS: Beside TP53 deletion or mutated status, the Expert Panel highlighted the importance of the IGHV mutation status characterization, since the diagnosis, in order to identify patients who will have a more aggressive progression. Furthermore, just before starting treatment, to obtain useful prognostic information and indication in the selection of the therapy, they recommend cytogenetic analysis for the detection of del(11q), trisomy 12, del(13q), del(17p), conventional karyotyping of stimulated CLL cells, TP53 sequencing, and molecular genetic analysis to detect IGHV mutation status.

CONCLUSIONS: The Expert Panel recognized the limitations associated with traditional staging systems in identifying patients who will have a more aggressive disease course and predicting response to treatment and suggested a real-life diagnostic and therapeutic approach to CLL to update the current patient management in light of recent advances that have improved understanding of CLL.

Keywords

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia; Prognostic factors; TP53 deletion; IGHV mutation status

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