Profilo clinico ed economico di oxatomide

Lorenzo Pradelli, Mario Eandi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/fe.v4i4.781

Abstract

Oxatomide is an antiallergic drug with a double mechanism of action: it possesses antagonistic activity on the H1 histaminergic receptor and it inhibits the production and release of flogistic and allergic mediators by effector cells, presumably acting as a selective calcium channel blocker on these cellular types. The efficacy and safety of oxatomide have been evaluated in many studies conducted on patients affected by different clinical conditions, demonstrating remarkable flexibility. It proved to be safe and effective also in extreme ages, i.e. children under 3 months of age and elderly over 80 years. Approved indications include rhinitis, asthma, conjunctivitis, urticaria, atopic and allergic dermatitis and food allergy and intolerance. In direct comparisons, oxatomide consistently proved superior than placebo and equally or more effective than other consolidated antiallergics. The drug tolerability is good, its main side effects are drowsiness and weight gain, usually transient. Cardiac and hepatic safety data are very reassuring, as is the case for drug interaction potential. Form an economical point of view, the drug acquisition cost is acceptable, being among the lowest in its class, at equally effective doses. Overall, the efficacy in several clinical conditions, the good tolerability in most patients and the reasonable purchase cost suggest that oxatomide is characterized by excellent risk-to-benefit and cost-to-benefit ratios in the treatment of allergic pathologies.

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