Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Brief Report

Domenico Lorenzo Urso

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v14i1.1467

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (“SARS-CoV-2”, previously provisionally named “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV”) disease (COVID-19) in China, at the end of 2019, resulted in a large global outbreak.

Among patients with pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2, fever is the most common symptom, followed by dry cough. Bilateral lung involvement with ground-glass opacities (GGOs) is the most common finding from computed tomography (CT) images of the chest.

At present, there are no specific antiviral drugs against SARS-CoV-2 infection for potential therapy of humans. Current treatments are mainly focused on symptomatic and respiratory support in patients with COVID-19. Preventive measures are the current strategy to limit the spread of cases.

The present report summarizes the point of the situation about this global emergency.

Keywords

SARS-CoV-2; Coronavirus; Pandemic; Pneumonia; Respiratory Support

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References

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